Decide how you want to use it
Backpack is another word for freedom. With a backpack you can go anywhere, for a day or for several weeks. A good reason why the backpack must be comfortable and suitable for the chosen activity (trekking, day trips, climbing, ski mountaineering, etc.). It’s pointless talking about resistance to water and to tearing: nobody likes to find the contents of the backpack wet or to lose them on the way.
Choose the size
As a general rule, a backpack with capacity of less than 40 litres is suitable for day trips, a rucksack holding 40-60 litres is more appropriate for hikes or treks lasting a few days with overnight stays in a mountain refuge, while a larger rucksack can be used to carry assorted equipment for longer periods as in
Assemble the equipment
There is no one checklist of things that are right for everyone or for every trip. Just remember that you may have to cope with different kinds of weather or emergencies on a trip and having adequate equipment helps you tackle them more easily. That is why it is advisable to have a range of accessories with you that will be very useful at a time of need; to the side, you will find some tips on what to take with you on a day trip.
Less weight, means less effort!
When preparing the backpack you should only select useful, indispensable items and leave anything superfluous at home. By reducing the material to take with you to the bare essentials and preparing the backpack properly, carrying the load is much easier.
To walk safely and with less effort, it is indispensable for the load to be balanced on both sides as well as front – back and that the backpack does not sway with the risk of the load shifting.
1. The more delicate, frequently used and “emergency” objects (map, compass, sunglasses, first-aid kit) should be put in the top pocket of the backpack.
2. The heaviest items should be put at the top closest to your spine with the weight distributed evenly and as centrally as possible.
3. Lighter items (equipment or clothing that could be needed quickly, food and water) should be put at the top furthest away from your spine. The weight must be spread symmetrically in relation to your spine.
4. Put the lightest items at the bottom of the backpack as well as items not needed regularly, such as spare clothes, waterproof cloak or jacket.